INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM MONITOR---PAPER NO.424
Sixteen border police guards of China's Ministry of Public Security were killed and 16 others injured when two unidentified terrorists, whocame in a truck, jumped out of it outside their barracks compound near Kashgar(Chinese name Kashi) in the Xinjiang province at 8 AM onAugust 4,2008, and threw hand-grenades at a group of police guards doing their morning physical exercise. After throwing thehand-grenades, they took out two knives and attacked some of the injured policemen before they could be over-powered and captured.Fourteen police guards died on the spot and two others succumbed to their injuries subsequently. According to one report, the terroriststried to slit the throats of the injured police guards before they were overpowered. It was not an attack of suicide terrorism. The terroristsdid not try to kill themselves before they were overpowered and arrested.
2. The Kashgar area has been in a state of ferment since July 9, 2008, when the Chinese authorities announced the public execution oftwo Uighurs whose names (Chinese version, not their original ethnic names) were given out by them as Muheteer Setiwalidi and AbdulwailiYiming after they had been convicted by a Kashgar court on November 9, 2007, on charges of separatist activities, attending a terroristtraining camp and manufacturing explosives. According to the announcement, the court had awarded three other Uighurs suspended deathsentences and sentenced 12 other Uighurs to various terms of imprisonment. All of them were accused of being members of the IslamicMovement of East Turkestan (IMET). They were reported to have joined the IMET in August 2005 and were arrested by the Police in January,2007. The public announcement of the sentences awarded to the 17 Uighurs came a day after the police of Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang,forcibly entered a flat to arrest 15 Uighurs, who were also projected as members of the IMET. Five of them were killed by the police whenthey allegedly resisted arrest. The Chinese also ordered the closure of 40 mosques in Xinjiang on the ground that they had been startedillegally.
3.The Chinese authorities have not yet revealed the identities of the two terrorists who carried out the attack of August 4. They arepresumed to be Uighurs, but normally the Uighurs do not follow the modus operandi of slitting the throats of their victims. This is the typicalMO of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU),the Islamic Jihad Union (IMU), another Uzbeck organisation, and the Pakistani terroristorganisations as well as of Al Qaeda and the Taliban.
4. The attacked border post was near the border with Tajikistan. The two terrorists are suspected to have infiltrated into the area fromTajikistan. The IMET, which is the main organisation of the anti-Beijing Uighurs, the IMU, the IJU and the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HUJI) ofPakistan had operated in the bordering areas of Tajikistan in the past. Before 9/11, the HUJI used to have a training camp in Tajikistan fortraining recruits from Xinjiang and the Central Asian Republics.
5. In January,2008, the Ministry of Public Security had claimed to have neutralised an Uighur sleeper cell in Urumqi. This was followed onMarch 7, 2008, by an aborted attempt by three Uighurs---one of them a woman--- to blow up a civil aviation plane going from Urumqi to Beijingwith the help of gasoline concealed inside a soft drink can, which had been smuggled into the plane. The attempt was thwarted by alertsecurity guards on board the plane. The fact that the airport security at Urumchi allowed the can to be carried---- when all over the worldthere is a ban on such cans and bottles being carried--- spoke poorly of the physical security at some Chinese airports,
6. The 'News" of Pakistan reported online on March 21, 2008, that two of the suspects arrested---- a woman and a man--- travelled withPakistani passports. The woman was described as an Uighur living in Pakistan and trained in a Pakistani jihadi camp and the man as a Central Asian (Uzbeck?). The third person, who escaped, but was subsequently arrested, was described as a Pakistani, who hadmasterminded the plot. The meagre facts given out by the Chinese authorities about the thwarted plot indicated deficiencies in thephysical security set-up in China. It is such deficiencies, which the jihadi terrorists wanting to disrupt the Olympics will exploit.
7. There was a demonstration against the Chinese authorities at Khotan in the Xinjiang province on March 23, 2008. About 1,000 Uighurs,including many women, participated in the demonstration. The protest was triggered off by two events. Firstly, the alleged death in thecustody of the Ministry of Public Security of Mutallip Hajim, a wealthy jade trader and popular philanthropist, who had been arrested on acharge of belonging to the sleeper cell discovered in January, 2008. Secondly, the anger of the local women over a long-standing orderbanning women from wearing scarves over their heads. Many of the Uighur women, who participated in the demonstration, defiantlycovered their heads with scarves. According to a statement from the Khotan government in the Xinjiang region, "extremist forces" tried toincite an uprising in a local market place on March 23. "A small number of elements... tried to incite splittism, create disturbances in themarket place and even trick the masses into an uprising," an official statement issued by the authorities said. It added: "Our policeimmediately intervened to prevent this and are dealing with it in accordance with the law." The local authorities undertook house-to-housesearches in the area looking for extremist suspects. Over 100 Uighur Muslims were detained for interrogation.
8.The fact that the two terrorists could mount the attack on August 4 despite the round-up of over a hundred suspected Uighur militants bythe Chinese Police since the beginning of this year underlines the continuing weaknesses of the Chinese Ministry of Public Security, whichis responsible for internal intelligence, The Ministry was taken by surprise in Tibet in March when there was a revolt by Tibetan monks andyouth. Now, it has been taken by surprise by the Uighur terrorist strike. Its continuing weaknesses should be a matter of concern to the organisers of the Olympics.
(The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and, presently, Director, Institute for Topical Studies,Chennai. He is also associated with the Chennai Centre For China Studies. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)